Some might say life begins at 40. It is true in many cases.
For people in well-established careers with a good financial base, it might be time to get serious about their true passion while on the other hand for others, it might be time to get back to work with their children now grown up.
40s is a crucial time for financial planning. Usually, people have time to actively work for some more years and at the same time, the youth is gone behind and they have to solidify their financial position.
In case of NRIs, there could be many situations
- Some may be planning to move back to India.
- Others are unsure if they want to retire in their country of residence or in India.
- Some NRIs may want to return to their homeland and work but are not sure how the second innings will turn out.
- Many might have kids who will be pursuing higher education soon and old age parents back home.
- Some ex-pats might have lost a job and are forced to return to India. Getting a job at that age and in the same role is not very easy.
NRIs have to make the best decisions keeping in mind their unique conditions.
Read – Financial Planning for NRI in India – Different & Complex
Financial Planning For NRIs in 40s
As an NRI, here are 5 financial planning moves that you should focus on so that you will reach the goal of financial security.
1. Consolidate finances to fund your financial responsibilities and retirement
- If you have not done it already, prepare a net worth statement. You will have a clear picture of your assets and liabilities across the countries. You will know how much money you have. Based on that, you can make future decisions. If you have lost your job, you will know how urgent it is to get a job. Can you wait for the right opportunity or you have to take the first job available?
- Check whether you are on track to achieve your financial goals. If you are on track or ahead of your timeline then it is good, or else you have to make changes to the financial plan. If your child is going to study abroad in a few years, and you have to finance it, you will have to consider if you have enough money or you need to take some specific actions for it.
You have some more years to work and earn an active income, but retirement is in the near future. Work towards having enough funds for a comfortable retirement and for medical emergencies.
- Mishra is a well-to-do businessman. But Mrs. Mishra steers away from his financial matters. She says she is happy as long as she has access to money for her needs and wants. This is immature thinking. Involve your spouse in your financial matters. He/She must be aware of your net worth and how you plan to distribute your assets. In case of an emergency, the spouse should have access to manage the wealth.
Check – 5 Financial Must-Haves for NRIs
2. Keep A Close Eye on Debt and Lifestyle Inflation
- You may have taken some loans like car loans, home loans, etc. As you grow older, pay off the loans that have a high-interest rate such as personal loans and credit card dues. Avoid high-interest payments. If you have any other loans, ensure that they do not impact your financial situation negatively.
- Rakesh has 2 cars for a family of three people. Now he wants to buy an expensive sports bike too as it looks good and he can afford it too. When you have a higher disposable income, you tend to spend more. As an expatriate or an NRI, there is an inherent expectation that you should have a flashy lifestyle. It is fine to splurge occasionally but Do not waste money on a fancy lifestyle, spend carefully i.e. only after saving and investing. In the future, your savings and investment matter more than an inflated lifestyle.
3. Insure Appropriately
Insure yourself adequately so that your financial dependents are not left in a lurch in case of any untoward incident.
If you do not have one, buy a term insurance plan. It is valid even if you are abroad provided you inform the insurance company. If you have a term plan, check if its value will be enough to provide a financial cover for your family. If not, increase the sum assured amount.
It might be prudent to take a medical insurance policy so that medical care does not create a dent in your pocket. Take a comprehensive health insurance policy for the entire family. If there is a history of critical illness in your family, it might be a good idea to buy additional insurance against critical illnesses. Health Insurance for NRI in India
Please remember Insurance is not an Investment – buy sufficient life & health cover this month.
4. Get Estate Planning done
Plan your estate however big or small it may be. There should be clarity on who will take over your assets and liabilities after your death. Estate planning includes –
- Will Creation/ Update
- The setting of Power of Attorney for your assets
- Tax Planning
- Management of Philanthropic activities
I have not discussed about investments in this post. You can check – Best Investment Options for NRI in India
5. Plan Your Second Innings
- You enter the second innings of your life in the 40s. Plan it well to play it better. If you will continue to remain abroad, understand how you will manage your old age financially.
- If you had aspirations of being a photographer, learn the requisite skills. Figure out how you can use your skills to earn an income. Go back to college or try out an alternative career provided your financial plan has provisions for the college fees or lower income of the alternate career. Read – How NRIs can earn more by investing in themselves
- If you will be moving back to India, have a plan in mind. If you will work in India, start looking for jobs and rekindle professional contacts.
- If you want to start a venture in India, understand the entrepreneurial landscape, market, and economic conditions. It is different from that of other countries. Build an emergency fund in this case that will help you cover expenses when you are starting out.
- If you plan to give back to the community, research and reach out to genuine organizations that will help you make a difference in people’s lives. Volunteering is noble but plan your finances and the family expectations so that there is no despair in the future.
The 40s is a key decade to plan your finances such that you have enough funds for your retirement and at the same time, are able to fulfill your life goals.
Have you ever made a decision SO important, that it became a real “distinction” in life?
If you are in the 40s please share in the comment section – how you are planning to achieve your key goals?